Folk Categorizations of Western Champa in Cambodia A Cognitive Linguistics Study
Kurniawan, M.H. 2018. Folk Categorizations of Western Champa in Cambodia A Cognitive Linguistics Study . ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement. Volume 2(1), pp.38-54
|Muhammad Hafiz Kurniawan||- Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Western Champa people are part of Cambodian and they moved to Cambodia because of the Vietnamese began to build their strength and suppress them to the neighborhood country. Although their kingdom were originally in Vietnam and some of Champa people/Eastern Champa still live and thrive there, and some of them were recorded to speak Austronesian language. Therefore their language is slightly similar to Bahasa Indonesia and both languages are categorized as Malayo-Chamic. Two similarities of these languages that will be further discussed in this research are the words boh [b?h] and talai [t?la?] for buah [buwah] and tali [t?li] that means “fruit” and “rope” respectively. Although the sound appears to be the same as bahasa Indonesia, the categorizations using these words are uniquely different. The word chim [t??m] is also the object of research discussion because of its unique use for categorizing birds and insects. This research is aimed to explore the uniqueness of bahasa Cham in categorizing animal, vegetables and fruits, and things and try to discover the reason behind those categorizations that are triggered mostly by metonymy. The method of this research is participant observation and interview while teaching Bahasa Indonesia for four months in Cambodia for BIPA program.
folk categorizations, western Champa, cognitive linguistics, embodied metonymy